Pour moi – Eve.com

https://www.eve.com.mt/

https://www.eve.com.mt/category/culture/malta/

 

 

MALTESE RUBBLE WALLS

The Maltese landscape is defined by a number of indigenous architectural styles and buildings. One of these is the Maltese rubble wall (ħajt tas-sejjieħ), which features prominently throughout the Maltese islands. This kind of structure is a historic staple of Maltese culture, and, although the structure may look simple, it actually takes quite a singular and specific set of skills to construct a durable one.

Wikipedia defines the word ‘rubble’ as “a broken stone of irregular size, shape, and texture”. Rubble masonry, or rubble walling, is generally the use of undressed rough stones to construct a wall, whereby the stones are piled over each other in a non-continuous or linear manner. A specific type of rubble wall construction, called dry-stone walling, constitutes a wall where such stones are used without the use of mortar or any other binding agent. The stones are placed together in such a way as to allow gravity and friction to serve as natural binding. Smaller stones and stone chippings, known as maskan, are used to fill in the space between one layer of big stones and another. This type of rubble wall is the one generally found around the Maltese countryside.

Wall-3
Image source: Ottsworld

 

The tradition of dry-rubber wall building is a very old one. I myself spied such dry-stone rubble walls during a holiday in the Sicilian countryside, and it’s well-known that they can also be found within certain Arab countries. It is therefore surmised by some that the practice of rubble-wall building in both Malta and Sicily was derived from a time when both islands were under this Arab influence, since the Arabs held sway in both of them during roughly the same historical period. Another theory claims that the need to build such walls originated in our country during prehistoric times.

What is certain is that Maltese rubble walls were and continue to be built for a variety of functions. They not only mark the contour of fields and divide one particular field from another in order to divide crops, but also markedly diminish soil erosion due to wind and rainwater. This is because a rubble wall acts as a sieve, allowing rainwater to flow through, while holding back the soil, and also preventing the crops from retaining excessive water.

Wall-5
Image source: Ottsworld

 

It’s hard to credit that such beautiful mesmerising structures, which add so much traditional and picturesque lustre to the Maltese landscape, are erected using only two or three simple tools. All that’s needed is a spade, a string to mark the limits of the wall being built, and a small axe or hatchet known as an imterqa, which is basically a double-edged walling hammer with a short handle, a heavy metal head with a flat edge on one side, and a sharpened edge on the other.

Maltese rubble walls provide living quarters for bees, butterflies and lizards, and they also host many species of other flora and fauna, like the wild caper plant.

Rubble walls are an integral and defining part of the Maltese heritage, and they’re considered to be part and parcel of Maltese conservation areas. When considering the time and dedication, as well as the skill needed for them to be built, it’s very important that those visiting the Maltese rural environment pay particular attention to not damaging or disarranging them in any way.

IMG_0398
Image source: Majjistral

 

On a side note, rubble walls are also lately being used as an inspiration for part of the cottage-style external and internal decor in homes and houses. This style mimics mortar colours, and usually blends different coloured and shaped stones to create a rustic or vintage effect. I’ve seen this style used in living rooms, kitchens, gardens and even for the façades of houses, and I must say that I simply love it.

PLAGES DE GOZO

GOZO’S NATURAL BEACHES

Ready to top up your tan this season? Malta’s sister island, Gozo, retains several undisturbed, natural areas and its bathing waters are amongst the cleanest within the European Union. Gozo is an amazing place for visitors to relax, eat well and enjoy some salt, sea and sun! There are several places where one can benefit from a great dip, here are some of our favourite natural beaches in Gozo.

San Blas Bay is a natural gem that can only be accessed on foot or by an off-road vehicle, down a steep hill from the village of Nadur. This beach is a marvel of nature and luckily it is unmarred by mankind, thus making it a peaceful option away from the crowds of the larger beaches. Its golden-red coloured sand dotted with rocky boulders, crystal-clear water and natural surroundings make your way down and up…really, really worthwhile! If you are blessed with a sharp nose, expect to take in whiffs of floral scents while enjoying the sea breeze!

Do wear closed shoes, respect your feet.

Carry bottled water, you’ll need it!

Do not attempt driving down the steep hill, unless you own a small off-road vehicle or bike.

Avoid climbing up in the heat of the day, it may exhaust you!

Ramla Bay (Ir-Ramla l-Ħamra) is one of the most popular beaches in Gozo and ix-Xagħra‘s pride, famous for its unique reddish-gold sand and beautiful landscape. The area around the beach is as natural as it can get, and its dunes are protected. It’s also overlooked by Calypso Cave, legend has it that this is the site where the nymph Calypso kept Odysseus captive as a ‘prisoner of love’ for seven years, as described by the Greek poet, Homer in The Odyssey. The cave offers stunning views over Ramla Bay and the valley that surrounds it. Close to the beach, eating and toilet facilities are available.

Tips: 

Do not swim if the sea is rough, there are stones you need to watch out for in the water.

Carry a sand-free beach bag and mat, leave the sand where it belongs.

Location map – Public transport and parking available.

 

Mġarr ix-Xini is a pebbled beach, that lies at the end of a deep evergreen gorge. Popular with locals, this inlet boasts crystal clear waters, a small eatery offering local fresh seafood and unspoilt views of the stunning surrounding cliffs and countryside! L-Mġarr ix-Xini is accessible by car (or on foot) from the village of Xewkija and neighbouring Sannat. Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt chose this spot to film ‘By The Sea’, it is truly a heaven on Earth!

 

The two-way traffic road is narrow and steep, yet safe enough for standard vehicles to access…worth the drive!

 

Tips:

Visit this beach on weekdays, it’s quieter.

Rocks and pebbles are not really comfy to lie on, carry a soft beach mattress.

Don’t forget your snorkeling mask!

Carry bottled water, you may need it!

Location map – Public transport not available and limited parking available.

 

 

MUSEUMS IN MALTA YOU DID NOT KNOW ABOUT

MB – On vous a parlé des musées de Malte : xxx
Mais, ne manquez pas tous ces petits musées…

Think you’ve visited all of Malta’s museums? Think again!

There is no doubt that for a tiny country, we have a great wealth of history and artefacts. Most of these are on display in our most famous museums, including the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta and the National Museum of Natural History in Mdina. There are also some incredible stately homes to visit such as Palazzo Falson in Mdina… Yet the lists you often find online rarely include all the museums on the islands; particularly those off the beaten track!

 

The Toy Museum

Located just opposite the better-known Casa Rocca Piccola on Republic Street, Valletta, The Toy Museum houses an impressive collection of toys from the 1950s onwards, including Matchbox cars, dolls, model planes and farmyard animals. It’s been open since 1998 and was the brainchild of Vincent Brown, who got the idea after visiting a similar museum in England.

 

Baby Jesus Museum – Il-Mużew tal-Bambini

Every year in the weeks leading up to Christmas, Paul Pace, a collector of statues of the Baby Jesus, opens up a small museum in Birkirkara featuring some 1,500 examples! Among its most illustrious visitors to the museum was His Eminence Cardinal Francis Arinze, Head of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, while on a private holiday here in Malta in 1996.

 

Villa Frere 

Although small, the Villa Frere museum in Pieta’ has some wonderful objects to be discovered in the adjoining gardens on display. There’s everything from old glass bottles to carved limestone and even a slightly-creepy doll’s head. To see these artefacts, you’ll need to head there during one of the garden’s tours which are normally announced on Facebook.

 

Palazzo de La Salle

An art gallery rather than a museum, this building is worth visiting just for its architectural features. Also located on Republic Street, opposite Casa Rocca Piccola, here you’ll find some amazing artworks – both by well-known names, like Envin Cremona, as well as by more modern artists. The building is currently being renovated but still open to the public.

Do you know of any other lesser-known museums and art galleries across Malta and Gozo?


 

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MB – EVENEMENTS DE L’ETE à MALTE

MB – Outre les traditionnelles festas…

6 SPECIAL SUMMER EVENTS IN MALTA

No, the General Election is not one of them…

I’ve never been one to shy away from a political debate. If anything, I have always been a firm believer in being politically active; after all, that’s what being part of a democracy is all about… But that doesn’t mean that I don’t want to experience some peace and quiet in the lead-up to the General Election, which is highly likely to be one of the most fiercely contested yet.

So, if like me, you want something to look forward to that doesn’t involve Sajmin or Cowseff, here it is:

Malta Fashion Week & Awards:In just a few weeks’ time, all the glitz and the glamour of Malta’s fashion elite will once again be unleashed for this year’s edition of Malta Fashion Week, which will culminate with the Malta Fashion Awards. It’s not really my thing BUT it always looks like fun.

Earth Garden: So, when the Election does come, head for the safety of Ta’ Qali’s National Park. There will be a Roots Stage with artists from all across the world; the Electronic Sphere with projections and a dance floor; an Enchanted Forest with Healing Fields; and a totally new area called Strawberry Hill, playing loads of genres of music. Most importantly, however, there will be a food court and a lack of die-hard partisan supporters.

Valletta Film Festival:Right up my street, this festival is great for all cinema lovers… Duh! As Malta’s largest film event, it will show 40 feature films and 25 short movies at various venues. So, grab a drink from the bar, sit down and enjoy some cool movies in peace and quiet.

Isle of MTV:The annual appointment with some of the world’s biggest music stars will be back – this year with the Chainsmokers, DNCE and Jonas Blue – and there are more acts still to be announced. Naturally, prepare to be surrounded by some 35,000+ people, but it’s well worth the agony!

 

 

Malta Jazz Festival: Star jazz artists, Al di Meola, Antonio Sanchez and Mark Guiliana will be gracing the stage in Valletta this July! Oh, now that’s what I call a line-up, a celebration of jazz diversity!


 

 

 

TEMPLES – Donner une liste + mettrel ien vers page pour chacun.
Chaque ligne de la liste = 1 Photo à cliquer « Savoir plus… »!!!

ARTICLE = LISTE + PHOTOS

Here’s the full list of 28 Megalithic Sites in Malta and Gozo:
Megalithic Temple Sites in Malta: Għajn Zejtuna, Xemxija, Buġibba, tal-Qadi, ta’ Ħammut, Ta’ Lippija, Ta’ Ħaġrat, Skorba, Pellegrin, Kunċizzjoni, Iklin, Tar-Raddiena, Kordin I, Kordin II, Kordin III, Tarxien, Bir Miftuh, Mnajdra, Ħaġar Qim, Borġ in-Nadur, Ħal Ġinwi, Xrobb l-Għaġin and Tas-Silġ.
Megalithic Temple Sites in Gozo: Santa Verna, Ġgantija, Ta’ Marziena, Xewkija and Borġ l-Imramma.
Megalithic Burial Sites: Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum in Malta and Xagħra Circle in Gozo, and there are other tombs.

Which one is your favourite?

 

Et finir par question comme eve. com – Lequel a votre préférence ? Allez-y…

WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT MEGALITHIC TEMPLE BUILDERS?

Malta has more megalithic temples than you can name in a pub quiz

Described as the “oldest free standing monuments on Earth”, at 6,000 years old, Malta’s prehistoric sites are older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids. Mystery still enshrouds the cultures that produced them, as little is actually known about who built them, how and why. The prehistoric culture of the megalithic builders mysteriously disappeared from the Maltese Islands around 4,500 years ago and it remains an enigma.

While Ħaġar Qim and Ġgantija stand firmly on the beaten track, there are many more prehistoric sites in Malta. Even Bugibba, famous as a pensioners’ resort, has one. There are no less than twenty-eight known megalithic sites within Malta’s 316 square kilometres. Megalith simply means “very big stone,” and while some sites consist of little more than a few scattered megaliths, several are in better condition and include more than one temple. Two of the sites were built for burial purposes. Some of the sites have not yet been excavated, some have been reburied and others have been destroyed. Some, however, are well documented and each site reveals a unique development in the island’s prehistoric past.

Il-Ġgantija

“Il-Ġgantija” derives its name from the giants it is associated with. Some of the megaliths are over five metres in length – like a standard kitchen – and weigh over fifty tonnes. Findings suggest that eerie rituals including a fire and animal or human sacrifice may have been performed. Ġgantija (3600-3200 BC) is the oldest of megalithic temples in Malta and, therefore, in the world. This UNESCO World Heritage site is located in Xagħra, Gozo.

Ta’ Ħaġrat

Also a UNESCO World Heritage site, the temples at Ta’ Ħaġrat offer an insight into a single settlement over a long period. Pottery found around the site of Ta’ Haġrat suggests that people lived here already 5,800 years ago. They built two well-preserved structures across several centuries and continued to use the area long afterwards. Ta’ Ħaġrat temples are located at Mġarr, just one kilometer from the Skorba temples.

Skorba

It is Skorba, though, that sheds the most light into the prehistoric life and diet in Malta. Dated even before the Temple Period (4100-2500 BC), the dwelling huts found here are technically the oldest known man-made stone structures in the world. The area had supported a village for several centuries, and some of the remains relate to the first human occupation on the island 7,000 years ago. Also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this complex includes two megalithic temple structures from different periods between ,600 and 2,500 BC.

Kordin

Many of the megalithic temples in Malta were used by several different cultures that inhabited Malta through the ages. Phoenicians, then Greeks and Romans could be seen using the Kordin Temples in Paola. A 2.75-metre-long hard limestone trough with seven deep grooves was likely used for grinding corn during the temple period. Only Kordin III remains, as the other two structures were destroyed by aerial bombardment during WWII.

Borġ in-Nadur

Borġ in-Nadur, in Birżebbuġa, offers more insight into people’s activities during the Bronze age. The 5,000 year old site contains a megalithic temple as well as a village and the earliest fortification in Malta, built to protect the area from inland attack. Scattered sherds of Mycenaean origin indicate contact between the Maltese and Aegean civilisations.

Ħaġar Qim

But how much can we aspire to understand about the temple builders? We can only guess at how and why they built the temples the way they did. They wrote nothing down, but they did carve out decorations and symbols, including several stone and clay statuettes of “the fertility goddess.” A hewn out elliptical hole, through which the rising sun’s rays illuminate a stone slab during the summer solstice, demonstrates that the temple builders of Ħaġar Qim knew about the world they lived in, the changing seasons and astronomy already 5,600 years ago.

Mnajdra

From the same period and just 500 metres down the stark landscape of Mediterranean garigue, Mnajdra, like Ħaġar Qim, keeps a memory of an aspect of human history that no-one will fully learn. Mnajdra is astronomically aligned with the rising sun during all the solstices and equinoxes. This way it effectively serves as a calendar – a rather clever and incredible feat for the technology available 5,600 years ago, at the time when mammoths were still roaming Europe. The first rays of sunlight of the equinox shine straight through the main doorway to the innermost niche, while the summer and winter solstices light up the opposite edges.

Tarxien

More artwork and sculptures appear at the Tarxien temples to provide some clues regarding the interests of the temple builders, what the temples represent and how they were built. Highly decorated stone blocks, reliefs of spirals and domestic animals, the bottom half of a colossal skirted figure, and stone spheres are among the finds. The spheres may have served as rollers for the megaliths, and the temples show evidence of arched roofing. Archeologists have also found a flint knife and animal bones. One of the four megalithic structures features “oracle” holes. Also a UNESCO World Heritage site, the place was used throughout the Temple Period until 1,500 BC.

Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum

Hypogeum is Greek for “underground”. It is hewn in rock three stories below ground and beautifully carved imitating architectural elements found in above-ground temples. It contains paintings in red ochre – they are the oldest and only prehistoric paintings on the Maltese Islands. But the Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum is also a prehistoric burial site, where bones of more than 7,000 individuals were found. Remains date from 4,000 BC until 2,500 BC. The Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum, just 400 metres from the Tarxien temples, is described by UNESCO as “a site that bears a unique testimony to a cultural tradition that has disappeared”.

Buġibba

There are several other temple fragments that lie scattered across the islands. Large stone remains were also found off the coast of Malta at a site known as Ġebel ġol-Baħar, but it is not proven to be a megalithic temple. While some structures have survived in reasonably good condition, less is known about them due to lost excavation records or human manipulation before they were investigated. The Bugibba Temple, surviving on the grounds of the New Dolmen hotel in Qawra, serves as evidence that all parts of the island were used by the temple builders.

These massive human-made stone structures defy all present understanding of the technology we assume of those times. Yet the temple builders left a legacy that survives to baffle historians. Piece by piece, we attempt to piece the puzzle together, but if only those stones could speak, what would they tell us about those that walked this land thousands of years ago?

Here’s the full list of 28 Megalithic Sites in Malta and Gozo:
Megalithic Temple Sites in Malta: Għajn Zejtuna, Xemxija, Buġibba, tal-Qadi, ta’ Ħammut, Ta’ Lippija, Ta’ Ħaġrat, Skorba, Pellegrin, Kunċizzjoni, Iklin, Tar-Raddiena, Kordin I, Kordin II, Kordin III, Tarxien, Bir Miftuh, Mnajdra, Ħaġar Qim, Borġ in-Nadur, Ħal Ġinwi, Xrobb l-Għaġin and Tas-Silġ.
Megalithic Temple Sites in Gozo: Santa Verna, Ġgantija, Ta’ Marziena, Xewkija and Borġ l-Imramma.
Megalithic Burial Sites: Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum in Malta and Xagħra Circle in Gozo, and there are other tombs.

Which one is your favourite?

 

CARNAVAL

SUMMER CARNIVAL: HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES, TRADITIONAL COMPETITIONS AND MORE

Ever-growing in popularity, the Summer Carnival will take place in two localities. The undoubted highlight will be the ġostra, which is to take place on Friday and Saturday at around 6pm in Buġibba Square. It will be followed by a parade featuring carnival floats and dance companies, which on Friday starts at 7:30pm and will proceed along Islet Promenade till Santana Hotel. On the next day, the Saturday, the defilè will start from next to Santana Hotel at 7:30pm, and will then move along to Islet Promenade, culminating in Buġibba Square. The ġostra competitors will climb a long pole smeared in fat, in an attempt to reach the flag placed at its far end. Those who reach the flag get a prize, those who slip end up in the sea.

But before that, Festivals Malta is offering a ‘Hands-On Summer Carnival Experience’. There will be a number of stands  along the Marsascala promenade on Sunday 12 and Monday 13 August from 7:30pm, where the public, especially children, can learn about papier-mâché, clay modelling, mask painting and balloon figures, along with a variety of activities. The public will be encouraged to take part and after each demonstration, to try their hand at one of the carnival crafts.

In addition, the National Literacy Agency is inviting the public to a storytelling event at Jacob’s Brew café. These stories, which will be animated and brought to life through diverse means, will be recited on Sunday 12 August for children aged between four and seven, and on Monday 13 August for children aged up to three years old. Due to limited space, the organisers are calling interested participants to reserved a space by calling 2598 2990 or emailing aqra.storja@ilearn.edu.mt.

The following week, after the floats and competitions, the Carnival will move to the Marsascala promenade on Sunday 19 August. The celebrations open at 7pm with a street parade all along the promenade in Salini Street. Starting next to the local council, the parade will make its way towards the area known as is-simenta, where there will be dance performances and shows by the members of the respective floats. The Marsascala Band as will perform. Patrons can park next to Inspire, in front of the St Anthony Family Part in St Anthony Street as well in the park’s car park. There will be a park and ride service.

As in past years there will be decorative floats, some of which will be accompanied by their respective dance companies. The summer floats are smaller than those of the Winter Carnival and are created specifically for this particular carnival, with summer-related themes. Participants hail from many locations, and most of them also participate in the Winter Carnival. This year there will also be two floats that featured in the Gozo Carnival, as together with the Gozo Ministry, there will also be celebrations in Mġarr, Gozo on Saturday 1 September.

 

 

THE HEAT IS ON – Photo CIEL BLEU et mer

The oppressive heat leaves you feeling lifeless. You are caught in a relentless heatwave as temperatures across the Mediterranean soar to record levels. And to make matters worse, the air conditioning system in your home has broken down. It is unbearable.

You wake up early in the morning and wander aimlessly around until it dawns on you, mainly because of the pressing need, that it is the bathroom you are looking for. You have just emerged from another sleepless night, tossing and turning in your bed while the rotating ceiling fan continues to stir the hot air in the room. Rather than rested, you feel roasted, just like a turkey in a fan-assisted oven after marinating overnight in salty juices.

Craving desperately for a full night’s rest, your thoughts travel to the seaside, and you contemplate the joy of laying your overheated body on a sunbed in the shade of a brightly coloured umbrella as a cool, gentle sea breeze flows by.

Time to stop daydreaming and get ready for work. After the first of a series of showers throughout the day you feel refreshed and revived, but no sooner had you eaten your breakfast and drank your coffee than perspiration beaded on your forehead.

Now that you’ve plucked up courage to brave the scorching outdoors, you stumble your way in a zombie-like movement across the street to where your car is parked, clutching a bottle of ice-cold drinking water in your hand as if your entire life depended on it. Even though it is relatively early in the day, you can feel the sun beating down on you mercilessly.

There isn’t a single cloud in the clear blue sky, just the blazing sun floating high above. Neither is there anybody in sight. The gentle humming of the neighbours’ air-conditioning units is drowned out by the loud and monotonous chirping of male crickets hidden in the trees. They want to attract the females. Seriously? It’s sizzling hot! Shouldn’t Mother Nature inform these creatures that it would be in the interest of their well-being to postpone this strenuous activity to the cooler hours of the day?

Expectedly, the car is a like a furnace, and the first touch of the steering wheel scalds your hands. For a short while, you go back to wistfully daydreaming about the beach, but your mood changes drastically as soon as you feel cool air coming from the vehicle’s air conditioner. You are overjoyed at the brief respite from the heat and, with renewed energy, you are even belting out the songs they are playing on the radio breakfast show.

Your mood remains positive even when the traffic in all directions comes to a standstill, so long as you keep artificially cool. When you finally arrive at work, the same cold air welcomes you to your desk. A rush of relief washes over you and your face is beaming. When it’s sweltering at home, your workplace is an absolute lifesaver!

 

NOTTE BIANCA

NOTTE BIANCA 2018 EXPECTS HIGHEST EVER TURNOUT

This year’s Notte Bianca, when museums big and small open their doors and streets fill with various performances, will see legendary acts teaming up with international artists. That October night, five main music stages in Valletta will be featuring a diverse musical assortment. Notte Bianca will also feature theatre and dance performances, slackline acrobatics, workshops, poetry, flamenco, clowning, burlesque, science, clay, film, and more.

Notte Bianca will take place on Saturday 6th October 2018. The audience is invited to follow the event on social media to best understand how to experience the events. More information on the programme and the venues is on the official website.

 

 

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