Personnalités politiques – Malte

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MIZZI Enrico (1885-1950
(enlevé du guide) = le mettre ici

Photo STELE

Leader du parti nationaliste, opposant à l’Administration coloniale britannique, il prôna l’usage de la langue italienne et l’alignement de la culture locale avec celle de l’Italie.

Lors de la dernière guerre, il passa en Cour martiale, fut interné pour raisons politiques, puis déporté.

En 1950, « Nerik » (son surnom) mena le Partito Nazionalista à la victoire et devint Premier Ministre.

Il décéda subitement, trois mois, jour pour jour, après son début de mandat.

Stèle, place ?St John Square?  (face à la façade principale de la co-cathédrale St-Jean)
réalisée en 1964 (année où Malte acquit son Indépendance vis-à-vis de la Couronne britannique.

 

Mizzi , controversies au moment de la guerre…

MIZZI – Résumer : Opposant à l’administration coloniale britannique, jugé par cour martiale pour sédition, à la fin de la 2nde guerre mondiale. Dans les années 1920, à la t^te du parti national démocrate (Partito Democratico Nazionalista), qui fusionna (merge) avec le parti Unione Politica (créé en 1921, tendance centre droit) pour former le parti nationaliste (Nationalist Party)

En 1930, he promoted la langue et la culture italiennes  – interned in 1940, déporté en Ouganda

Après guerre, il mena le parti nationaliste à la victoire en 1950 = led the NP to power en 1950, et devint 1er Ministre??[1]

Controversé ? Wiki, avec Borġ Olivier:

« In May 1940, when the leader of the Nationalist party, Enrico Mizzi, was first interned by the British and deported, Borġ Olivier became interim leader.

After his return, Mizzi made Borġ Olivier his right hand man and deputy. = “ MB ajouter à sa mort, Borġ Olivier (le père de l’Indépendance maltaise) lui succédera comme 1er ministre

Wiki avec Borg : « “The alignment of local culture with Italy by elements of the social elite appeared to be lackey behaviour towards Fascist Italy. The Partito Nazionale of Enrico Mizzi and Sir Ugo P. Mifsud, the party chosen by Borġ Olivier, came under strict scrutiny once war broke out in Europe in 1939. The war led to the exile of Nationalists supporters, including Enrico Mizzi, one of the main leaders of the Partito Nazionale.” A mettre un peu avec MIZZI

 

[1]     Monument-stèle sculpté en 1964 par Vincent Apap (1909-2003).

Enrico Mizzi: A model politician

Sixty years ago, on December 20, 1950, Malta was stunned by news of Enrico Mizzi’s sudden death. He had been prime minister for just over three months. He was repatriated five years previously after having been deported to Uganda along with 42 other Maltese nationals in February 1942.

At the time of his death Dr Mizzi was leader of the Nationalist Party, which had obtained the most seats in the general election held in September.

For some, Dr Mizzi, or Nerik as he was commonly known, was a ‘controversial’ figure obsessed with Malta’s italianità. For others he was a hero who dedicated his entire life to politics in the service of his country and its people.

Whatever their views, nobody could deny that Dr Mizzi was a true patriot who was prepared to suffer for his ideals. As indeed he did. He never practised his profession as a lawyer. His time was taken up with politics and writing weekly articles in the press in a bid to convey his and his party’s message.

I only got to know about the man in the late 1940s when I was still a student at the Lyceum. Acquantances who had lived during the 1920s and 1930s and therefore remembered him in his heyday, used to speak about his impeccable integrity and sense of fairness and justice. As a minister he insisted that people should be employed only on merit and not on political leanings or allegiance, even if this meant losing support and votes.

I had been told that once he even paid for the taxi when he used it for personal reasons and not on ministerial business! Obviously, he died penniless.

He was indeed a man of principle. A political giant. A model for all seasons.

 

DIMECH Emanuele (1860-1921°

Il prônait un Etat autonome et l’indépendance économique de Malte. En raison de son influence parmi les ouvriers des chantiers navals, il fut exilé plusieurs fois, puis définitivement (mort en Egypte, enterré dans une tombe anonyme).
Savoir plus… Wikipedia (en anglais).

«Figure de premier plan dans la lutte pour l’éveil social et politique du peuple maltais» (1). Il prônait un Etat autonome et l’indépendance économique de Malte. En raison de son influence parmi les ouvriers des chantiers navals, il fut exilé plusieurs fois, puis définitivement (mort en Egypte, enterré dans une tombe anonyme).
Savoir plus… Wikipedia (en anglais).

(1) Source : syndicat GWU (General Workers’ Union).